Puerto Rico Energy Transition

  • Merchant, Emma Foehringer. March 8, 2018. “Green Energy Colonialism? Local Experts Left Out of Puerto Rico’s Post-Hurricane Energy Planning.” GTM. (link)

  • Merchant, Emma Foehringer. September 20, 2018. “One Year After Maria, Puerto Rico’s Energy Future Still in Limbo.” GTM. (link)

  • Merchant, Emma Foehringer. December 5, 2018. “Inside Puerto Rico’s Quest for 100% Renewables: A Clash Over Natural Gas.” GTM. (link)

  • Gust, Susan Ann and Jordan, Cathy. “The Community Impact Statement: A Prenuptial Agreement for Community-Campus Partnerships.” (link)

  • Participatory Action Research, 2009, Maria Elena Torris “Overview of Participatory Action Research and questions to consider.” (link)

  • Rozental, F., et al. May 17, 2018. “Financing a More Resilient Puerto Rico: Sloan Sustainability Laboratory Final Report.” Environmental Defense Fund. (link)

  • García-López, Gustavo A. June 1, 2018. “The Multiple Layers of Environmental Injustice in Contexts of (Un)natural Disasters: The Case of Puerto Rico Post-Hurricane Maria.” Environmental Justice. (link)

  • Aja, A.,  et al. 2018. “Bold Policies for Puerto Rico: A Blueprint for
    Transformative, Justice-Centered Recovery.” Diálogo. (link)

  • Báez, Antonio Carmona. July 2018. “It takes a hurricane… Puerto Rico’s yearning for energy democracy.” Transnational Institute. (link)

  • Eakin, A., et al. 2018. “Critical Lines of Action for Vulnerability and Resilience Research and Practice: Lessons from the 2017 Hurricane Season.” Journal of Extreme Events. (link)

  • O'Neill-Carrillo, E., et al. November 7, 2008. “Sustainable Energy: Balancing the Economic, Environmental and Social Dimensions
    of Energy.” IEEE Energy. (link)

  • U.S. Energy Information Administration. July 19, 2018. “Puerto Rico: Profile Analysis.” (link)

Federal Policies Relevant for Puerto Rico’s Energy Transition

  • Farrell, M., et al. May 8, 2018. “Reimagining Grid Solutions: A Better Way Forward for Puerto Rico.” Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs. (link)

  • de Onís, Catalina. July 18, 2018. “Fueling and delinking from energy coloniality in Puerto Rico.” Journal of Applied Communication Research. (link)

  • Naseck, Kobi. May 10, 2018. “Disaster Capitalism on Puerto Rico:
    Causes and Consequences of the Privatization of Puerto Rico’s Public Electric
    Authority after Hurricane Maria.” The University of Texas at Austin. (link)

  • de Onís, Catalina. January 29, 2018. “Energy Colonialism Powers the Ongoing Unnatural Disaster in Puerto Rico.” Frontiers in Communication. (link)

  • U.S. Department of Energy. May 9, 2018. “Building a More Resilient Grid in Puerto Rico.” (link)

  • Torres, Tomás J. and Kunkel, Cathy. March 2018. “Toward Electric
    System Sustainability in Puerto Rico.” The Puerto Rico Institute of Competitiveness and Sustainable Economy and IEEFA. (link)

  • Krenz, Bonnie. September 26, 2018. “Building a Better Energy Future in Puerto Rico.” Center for American Progress. (link)

Puerto Rico’s Territorial Energy Systems

  • Sierra Club. 2018. “Comments of Sierra Club of Puerto Rico on the
    Proposed Regulation on Microgrid Development.” Government of Puerto Rico
    Puerto Rico Energy Commission
    . (link)

  • Walsh, Mary Williams. February 1, 2016. “How Free Electricity Helped Dig $9 Billion Hole in Puerto Rico.” The New York Times. (link)

  • Shermeyer, Jacob. October 9, 2018. “Assessment of electrical and infrastructure recovery in Puerto Rico following hurricane Maria using a multisource time series of satellite imagery.” Proceedings. (link)

  • Lopez-Cardalda, G., et al. July 2018. “Public Safety Risk: Effects of Complete Power Grid Destruction by Hurricane.” LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education, and Technology. (link)

  • Gallucci, Maria. May 2018. “Rebuilding Puerto Rico's Grid.” IEEE Spectrum. (link)

  • Sweeney, Sean. April 6, 2018. “Puerto Rico’s Energy Future: Keeping Power With the People.” New Labor Forum. (link)

  • Dyson, Mark and Stone, Laurie. December 19, 2017. “A Resilient and Cost-Effective Energy Future for Puerto Rico.” Rocky Mountain Institute. (link)

  • O'Neill-Carrillo, E., et al. December 2018. “The Long Road to Community Microgrids: Adapting to the Necessary Changes for Renewable Energy Implementation.” IEEE Electrification Magazine. (link)

  • Toussie, Isaac, et al. 2017. “The Role of Renewable and Distributed Energy in A Resilient and Cost-Effective Energy Future for Puerto Rico.” Rocky Mountain Institute. (link)

Community Energy Systems in Vieques and Ponce

  • Beyer, Elizabeth. 2018. “Community solar for sustainability in Puerto Rico.” Social Justice New Nexus. (link)


  • O’Neill-Carrillo, E., et al. 2010. “Experiences with stakeholder engagement in transitioning to an increased use of renewable energy systems.” Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology. (link)

  • Benzel, Jan. March 19, 2018. “Returning to Vieques.” The New York Times. (link)

  • Cohen, Jeff. July 7, 2018. “Vieques Still Finding Its Footing After Hurricane Destruction.” NPR. (link)

  • Kern, Rebecca. May 21, 2018. “Two Puerto Rican Islands Can Test the Future of Microgrids.” Bloomberg BNA. (link)

  • Coren, Michael J. September 13, 2018. “Puerto Rico eyes building the energy grid of the future.” Quartz. (link)

  • Harvey, George. December 7, 2017. “Tesla Helps Restore Power For Island Communities In Puerto Rico.” Clean Technica. (link)

  • Gallucci, Maria. March 12, 2018. “Rebuilding Puerto Rico’s Power Grid: The Inside Story.” IEEE Spectrum. (link)

  • Footprint Project. (link)

Ponce (Ponce Neighborhood Housing Services)

  • Echenique, Martín. February 1, 2018. “How the Urban-Rural Divide Plays Out in Puerto Rico's Second-Largest City.” Citylab. (link)

  • Mosier, Ryan. February 12, 2018. “Puerto Rico Journal: Restoring power on the island.” Duke Energy. (link)

  • Annibale, Bob and Gomez, Guillermo. February 14, 2018. “Puerto Rico: Stories of Despair but also Hope.” Citi Group. (link)

  • “Ponce Neighborhood Housing Services Inc.” Guidestar.org. (link)